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Poor rate records for Brentford, 1836Wikipedia offers the following information about the poor rate:
The Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 removed responsibility for collection of the poor rate from the parish vestries. The collection of poor rate continued to be organised by parish, now collected by the poor law guardians for the parish. Although parishes were often grouped into unions, each parish could be set a different rate depending on the expenditure.
SourcesDuring lockdown 2020 Vic Rosewarne transcribed two sources held by London Metropolitan Archives:
Each is a list of people due to pay poor rates in 1836, with a brief description of their property and its rateable value; together they cover the whole of Brentford.
Information providedThis dataset is valuable, recording who lived in Brentford five years before the 1841 census: a stepping stone to earlier records; Ancestry's 'All London, England, Land Tax Records, 1692-1932' has tax records up to 1829 for New Brentford and 1831 for Ealing, which includes Old Brentford.
There are two versions of the data available:
The Poor Rate records list over 500 people in Brentford. Many types of property were recorded: 530 houses, 430 small houses and cottages, 31 public houses and six beerhouses, seven warehouses, three granaries, four malthouses, two potteries, a pipe manufactory, sheds, four wharfs, offices, 16 stables, pig pens and shops; land includes garden grounds, fields, meadows and aytes.
Rateable values range from £2 for a small house up to £30 for a substantial property in a more favourable location, and grand houses and large commercial properties were taxed more heavily: eight properties were valued at £250 or more. Some of these are noted in the second version.
The total RV for Brentford was £19,248: £14,489 Old Brentford and £4,759 New Brentford.
Conclusions about the Brentford poor rateBy comparing the 1836 Poor Rate data with that in the tithe and census conclusions can be drawn about the content and the way it was compiled:
Published October 2020