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Not Brentford

1801 and 1811 censuses of Ealing

John Gauss has transcribed these two early censuses and also provided analyses. Thanks to him for his generosity in sharing his work and also to Dr Oates, Borough Archivist for Ealing, for agreeing to its publication.

Original schedules

The original schedules of the 1801 and 1811 census of the parish of Ealing (Archive nos. 85/15 and 85/16 respectively) are currently held at the Ealing Local History Library. They both consist of bound volumes, approx. 49cm (high) by 37cm, the pages of which are printed with columns and headings. The entries are hand-written in ink and are generally neat and clear. However some words appear rather faint, which makes it hard to read certain letters accurately, especially given the rather unconventional spellings of some names.

Census dates

1801 10th March
1811 27th May

Area covered

Both censuses are divided into two sections, which in 1801 (but not 1811) are prefaced 'Ealing Upperside' and 'Ealing Lowerside'. From a comparison of the names in the census with those marked on An historical map of the parish of Ealing by William Nicholls, 1822, it seems that Upperside was the part of the parish to the north of what are now Little Ealing Lane and Popes Lane. Lowerside, therefore, was the part south of this down to the Thames, including Old Brentford.

Order of Entries

The order of the entries in the 1801 schedules mostly follows that of the Poor Rate book (Archive no. 85/11) in which many of the same names appear. In this, however, they are subdivided into about twenty roads or localities, and so by comparing it with the census one could narrow down where people lived. Except for starting with the vicar, the 1811 schedules do not seem to follow any order, which would make any comparison much more difficult.

Statistics

In the following tables U = Upperside, L = Lowerside.
  1. Population by Family, Sex and Occupation
  2. Single sex households
  3. Female tenants
  4. Named families
  5. Number of families per house
  6. Number of people per house
  7. Number of people per single-family house
  8. Most popular names

1 Population by Family, Sex and Occupation

These are the figures which are summarised at the end of the original schedules, but shown here also with percentages, and percentage change over the ten year period.

  Inhab.Hos. Families Males Females TOTAL Agric Trade etc Other
U 1801 271 485 1039 965 2004 106 960 938
% 51.8 48.2 100.0 5.3 47.9 46.8
U 1811 298 337 973 1038 2011 252 496 1263
% 48.4 51.6 100.0 12.5 24.7 62.8
% change 10.0 -30.5 -6.4 7.6 0.3 137.7 -48.3 34.6
L 1801 578 897 1406 1625 3031 14 1316 1701
% 46.4 53.6 100.0 0.5 43.4 56.1
L 1811 626 947 1536 1814 3350 157 1455 1738
% 45.9 54.1 100.0 4.7 43.4 51.9
% change 8.3 5.6 9.2 11.6 10.5 1021.4 10.6 2.2

Comments

The big drop in the number of families in Upperside is puzzling. However the question as to what counted as a family was open to varying interpretations.

The huge percentage swings towards agriculture, though not involving many people, were probably caused by the 1811 census being held at the end of May -2½ months later than in 1801.

The Lowerside, which included Old Brentford, was clearly less agricultural.

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2 Single sex households

The numbers and percentages of houses shown as occupied by one sex only are shown below

  Inhab.Hos. Zero Males Zero Females Single Sex %
U 1801 271 21 5 26 9.6
U 1811 298 13 2 15 5.0
           
L 1801 578 34 13 47 8.1
L 1811 626 39 6 45 7.2

Comments

Curiously, of all the houses with zero males, five have a male tenant's name, and of those with zero females, two have a female tenant's name. In these cases one can only suppose that either the named tenant was absent on census night, or that the occupant mistakenly gave the owner's rather than the tenant's name.

3 Female tenants

The number of houses with a named tenant, and the numbers and percentages of those with a female tenant's name are shown below.

  Named tenants Female %
U 1801 270 51 18.9
U 1811 297 41 13.8
       
L 1801 578 92 15.9
L 1811 625 95 15.2
    Average: 15.8

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4 Named families

The numbers and proportions of all families represented by the named tenants are shown below. This would suggest that the surnames of about a third of the families are not listed.

  Families Named tenants %
U 1801 485 270 55.7
U 1811 337 297 88.1
       
L 1801 897 578 64.4
L1811 947 625 66.0
    Average: 66.4

5 Number of families per house

The number of houses with a given number of families present in them is shown below.

  0 1 2 3 4 5 6+ TOTAL
U 1801 1 147 72 31 10 4 6 271
% 0.4 54.2 26.6 11.4 3.7 1.5 2.2 100
U 1811 1 264 27 5 1 0 0 298
% 0.3 88.6 9.1 1.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 100
% change 0.0 79.6 -62.5 -83.9 -90.0 -100.0 -100.0 10.0
                 
L 1801 1 391 114 41 16 8 7 578
% 0.2 67.6 19.7 7.1 2.8 1.4 1.2 100
L 1811 0 413 148 39 14 8 4 626
% 0.0 66.0 23.6 6.2 2.2 1.3 0.6 100
% change -100.0 5.6 29.8 -4.9 -12.5 0.0 -42.9 8.3

Comments

It is clear from the responses to this question that many were unsure as to what constituted a family.

At one end of the spectrum, three houses had people but no families, and at the other end, the workhouse had one family of over 100 people! In between, some large houses with numerous servants were counted as having one family, while some smaller ones must have counted servants or lodgers as separate. There was one house with seven one-person families.

The huge increase in single-family houses in Upperside 1811 is probably due to a change of interpretation by the enumerator.

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6 Number of people per house

The number of houses with a given number of people present in them is shown below.

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10+ TOTAL
U 1801 8 33 26 35 29 31 28 18 17 46 271
% 3.0 12.2 9.6 12.9 10.7 11.4 10.3 6.6 6.3 17.0 100.0
U 1811 2 32 44 42 25 44 24 24 17 44 298
% 0.7 10.7 14.8 14.1 8.4 14.8 8.1 8.1 5.7 14.8 100.0
% change -75.0 -3.0 69.2 20.0 -13.8 41.9 -14.3 33.3 0.0 -4.3 10.0
                       
L 1801 13 67 107 91 82 72 55 30 17 44 578
% 2.2 11.6 18.5 15.7 14.2 12.5 9.5 5.2 2.9 7.6 100.0
L 1811 16 93 108 84 74 63 52 45 31 60 626
% 2.6 14.9 17.3 13.4 11.8 10.1 8.3 7.2 5.0 9.6 100.0
% change 23.1 38.8 0.9 -7.7 -9.8 -12.5 -5.5 50.0 82.4 36.4 8.3

Comments

From these figures it is clear that the Lowerside had a greater proportion of smaller houses than the Upperside. This was no doubt due to Old Brentford being more densely built up.

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7 Number of people per single-family house

The number of single-family houses with a given number of people present in them is shown below.

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 to 1415 to 1920 to 49 50+ TOTAL
U 1801 8 30 18 22 19 15 10 6 5 8 0 5 1 147
% 5.4 20.4 12.2 15.0 12.9 10.2 6.8 4.1 3.4 5.4 0.0 3.4 0.7 100
U 1811 2 32 43 39 22 39 19 20 14 24 5 3 2 264
% 0.8 12.1 16.3 14.8 8.3 14.8 7.2 7.6 5.3 9.1 1.9 1.1 0.8 100
% change -75.0 6.7 138.9 77.3 15.8 160.0 90.0 233.3 180.0 200.0   -40.0 100.0 79.6
                             
L 1801 13 63 92 61 58 43 30 15 4 8 2 2 0 391
% 3.3 16.1 23.5 15.6 14.8 11.0 7.7 3.8 1.0 2.0 0.5 0.5 0.0 100
L 1811 16 89 90 62 46 37 23 21 11 16 1 1 0 413
% 3.9 21.5 21.8 15.0 11.1 9.0 5.6 5.1 2.7 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.0 100
% change 23.1 41.3 -2.2 1.6 -20.7 -14.0 -23.3 40.0 175.0 100.0 -50.0 -50.0 0.0 5.6

Comments

The purpose of this table is to attempt to show the distribution of family size. Clearly with the multi-family houses it is usually impossible to know how many members each family had. Even with the single-family houses there is still the question as to what constituted a family (see the comments to 5 above).

The U 1811 figures are rather distorted by the fact that there was a big increase in the proportion of single-family houses (see the comments to 5 above).

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8 Most popular names

In both censuses combined, the Christian names are given for 1394 males and 271 females. The most popular names with their frequencies are:

  Number %   Number %
John 300 21.5 Mary 47 17.3
William 230 16.5 Elizabeth 42 15.5
Thomas 172 12.3 Ann 40 14.8
James 124 8.9 Sarah 32 11.8
Richard 93 6.7 Hannah 13 4.8
George 60 4.3 Susan(nah) 9 3.3
Joseph 54 3.9 Jane 8 3.0
Robert 51 3.7 Frances 8 3.0
Samuel 42 3.0      

Similarly, surnames are listed for 1770 individuals. Although the most common is Smith, even this only occurs 24 times, representing 1.4%.

Published December 2018

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