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Not Brentford

Brentford Families - Andrews

Kenneth Hull wrote in May 2018 with full transcriptions of late 18th and early-mid 19th-century documents for his Andrews family of Old Brentford. There is already a transcript of an indenture dated 1806 on the site, submitted by Rob Sutherland of Canada which involves John Andrews junior and together these documents refer to many tenants and occupiers of properties in Old and New Brentford.

The oral family history of the Andrews extends back to my great-great grandfather, Thomas Andrews, a younger son of John Jr, but not farther, except for the fact that George William and his sister Emma Andrews lived together in the house on the High Street until Emma’s death in 1888. George William Andrews inherited the milling business from his father, John Jr. Thomas then purchased the lease of a mill in East Molesey, across from Hampton Court, and operated that with great success until almost the end of the 19th century.

I have just finished reviewing and amending my transcription of the probate copy of the will of John Andrews Sr of Old Brentford (1702-1784). You’ll see that it is very long, and mentions 11 properties that he held, and their tenants.

This is followed by two other documents relating to his son, John Andrews the Younger (1751-1814): a land dispute in 1799; and his will (and two codicils). The big house on Old Brentford High Street that he lived in he left for his wife Lydia’s use. It then passed to George William Andrews who continued the Meal Factor business until his death in the 1870s. His sister Emma continued in the house until shortly before her death in 1888 when the house was sold.

Lydia, widow of John Andrews, died in 1835 and Kenneth has provided a full transcript of her will.

A summary of the people mentioned:

  • John Andrews (1702-1784)
    • John Andrews (1751-1814), mealman, married Lydia OWEN (1767-1834); children include:
      • George William Andrews (ca 1798/9-1874)
      • Thomas Andrews
      • Emma Andrews (d. 1888)

A few notes from the webmaster

Tithe MapThis image is reproduced courtesy of Corporation of London, London Metropolitan Archives.

The Andrews family lived at 334 High Street, a large property on the corner of Eaton Place, and also owned numbers 330 to 333 at the time of tithe enumeration ca 1840. Their plot, 252, included land to the rear and also an area across the road.

There are earlier references to the family:

The 1811 Ealing Census (to be added to the site for Christmas 2018) shows a large Andrews household – 13, seven males and six females – four in trade, nine ‘other’. John GREENWOOD is mentioned in the 1806 Indenture as a neighbour to John Andrews and was recorded next to him in 1811 (no. 333). Robert BANYON, mentioned in the 1814 will, was next door but one to Greenwood, at no. 331.

Ten years earlier the 1801 census shows John Andrews heading a household of 10: five males, five females. Jasper POLLECUTT, one of the witnesses to the will of John Andrews senior in 1783, was next door but one.

Kenneth added: 'I have compared the census statistics with what I know of the members of the family alive at the time of the censuses. John Andrews and his wife Lydia (OWEN) had 12 children in the space of twenty years. In 1801, four sons and one daughter were living, bringing the total of family to 5 males and 2 females, which would suggest three female servants to make up the total of 10.'

'In 1811 there were six sons living—the eldest 18 years old—and 2 daughters. Including the parents, if all were living at home, this would bring the totals to 7 males and 3 females, again leaving three females who might be servants. I’m not sure how to interpret the ‘Trade’ numbers. There are 4 in 1811 versus three in 1801. Perhaps this reflects the involvement of the eldest son in the business in 1811? (The next eldest son was 12.) I know that at least some of the sons were sent away to school.'

In 1798 the Land Tax Redemption Records for Old Brentford (available on the Ancestry website) include several references to Andrews.
In each entry the proprietor's name is followed by a description of the land and then the tenant's name:

  • Messs Andrews & MAGSON & Co: for two pieces of Garden Ground & one Piece of Meadow, tenant Mr Jas MILLETT
  • Mr John Andrews for an Acre of Land near the Potthouse, tenant Mr WELLFORD
  • Ditto, tenant Mr SPINDER & Son (presume 'SPINDLER' as he is named in the will of John Andrews dated 1783)
  • Mr John Andrews for the three corner Field, tenant as above
  • Mr John Andrews for House and Yard belonging to the Heir of Eliz: STUCKEY, tenant Mr Thos BAKER
  • Mr John Andrews for an Acre of Walled Garden Ground belonging to the Heir of Eliz: STUCKEY, tenant Mr SPINDLER
  • Messrs Andrews MAGSON & others, tenant Mr John MERRITT
  • As above, tenant Mr Thos MESSER
  • As above, tenant Mr John GARDNER [this item and those above were all listed together; the next entries were a couple of pages further down and presumably in a different part of Brentford:]
  • Mr HOPE for House & Offices called the Dardenals, tenant Mr Jon(atho)n Andrews
  • Mr HOPE, extra land tax for ditto to be paid by the tenant, Mr Jon: Andrews [then another gap]
  • Messrs Andrews MAGSON & others, tenant Mrs BENNETT
  • Ditto for a Garden, tenant Mr Jacob T WHITE [two other entries follow then:]
  • Messrs Andrews MAGSON & others, tenant Mr POLLICUT
  • Ditto, tenant Mr FOWLER
  • Mr J Andrews, self {no. 334}
  • Ditto for the Garden opposite his House, self
  • Mr J BAILEY, tenant Mr Rob(?) MOORE
  • Mr John NEIL, Mr Thos BANYON
  • Mr J Andrew, tenant Mr J GORE junr or Occupier [several entries, then next page:]
  • Mr J Andrews, tenant Mrs CHURCH
  • Ditto, tenant Mr Wm PLATT [six entries then:]
  • Mr John Andrews for an Acre of Garden Ground near the Church path, tenant Mr Richd ALLEN
The list of entries make it clear that John Andrews had substantial holdings of land in Old Brentford (and I may have missed some references to him); the document will be transcribed as time permits. Comparing the 1798 document with the 1801 census records it does appear the land recorded in 1798 was according to location (rather than, say, the name of the owner or the tenant); this will be looked at in more detail as work on the 1801 census progresses.

The Brentford section of the 1793 Universal British Directory of Trade, Commerce and Manufacture includes John Andrews, mealman.

So it would appear the family were in Brentford, and possibly in the same property, from the early 1780s until the late 1880s. The Andrews' High Street properties were sold in 1888 and no. 334 was a 'Club' in 1911. This photo from 1945 shows it was by then 'Brent House Club'.

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John Andrews will 1783 probate 1784

In the Name of God Amen
I John Andrews the Elder of Old Brentford in the County of
Middlesex Mealman being of sound and disposing Mind and
Memory do make this my last Will and Testament I give and
devise unto my Son in Law George BARTON Collector of Excise
and to his heirs all that my Copyhold Messuage and Lands

[page 2]
thereto belonging lying and being in Old Brentford now in the
occupation of William SPINDLER and also all that my Copyhold
Messuages or Tenement with the Appurtenances situate in Old Brentford
aforesaid now in the Occupation of Isaac STRONG In trust to sell and
dispose thereof together or separate and out of the Money therefrom
arising to pay the Fines and all Costs attending to his Admissions to
such Copyholds and to place forth the Remainder thereof at Interest
in Real and Government Securities and to pay and apply the Interest
Dividends and Product thereof (after paying the Trustees Expenses)
for and towards the Maintenance Clothing and Education of his five
Children by my Daughter Anne his late Wife deceased during their
respective minorities each Child having an equal share thereof
applied for his and her Benefit and when and as they shall
respectively attain the age of twenty one years to pay unto each
of them one fifth part of the Principal for his and her own
use or in case any or either of them shall die in their minority
Then in trust to pay and apply the interest Dividends and Product
of the Share or Shares of his her or their so dying in like manner
for the benefit of the Survivors or Survivor of them during their
respective Minorities and when and as they shall severally attain
the age of twenty one years to pay unto each of them an equal
share of the principal or if only out of them of them [sic] shall
live to attain that age then to pay the whole thereof to such
out or in case the said George BARTON shall think it
most for the benefit and advantage of his children to preserve
to keep the several Copyhold Estates above devised or either of
them and not to sell the same or both of them which I
submit entirely to his choice and discretion these in trust to
receive and take the Rents and Profits thereof or such part thereof as shall be
unsold and to apply the same for the benefit of his said
Children in the same manner as the interest of the Money
to arise from the Sale thereof (if sold) is before directed to be
applied during their respective Minorities and when and as they
shall respectively attain the age of twenty one years to surrender
and convey to each Child and his or her heirs one fifth Part
or share thereof and in case any or either of the said Children
shall die in their Minority the Share or Shares of Him her or
Them so dying shall go to the Survivors or Survivor of them
and the heirs of them or the survivor of them if more than one
as Tenants in common and not as joint tenants. And I give
and devise unto my Son John Andrews and his Heirs subject
to the Proviso hereinafter mentioned all those my nine
Copyhold Messuages or Tenements situate and being in Old
Brentford aforesaid in the several Occupations of Charles
Andrews, Philip GOODENOUGH, William (ONEY or OVERS [?]), James LANGSDON,
James WILLIAMS, Anne WI..ER (WINTER, WIDMER?), Thomas BIGNELL, Thomas
STUMP and the Widow SIRETT in Trust to receive and take
Rents and Profits thereof and thereout to keep the said
Messuages or Tenements with their Appurtenances in repair
and to pay the Fine and Fees on his Admission thereto and to
pay the overplus Rents and Profits thereof into the Hands
of my Daughter in Law Martha Andrews Wife of my Son

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[page 3]
William Andrews during her natural life and to and for her own
Sole and separate Use and to be entirely out of the power
control or disposal or her said Husband or of any Husband
she may hereafter marry and not to be subject to the debts or
Encumbrances of her present or future husband and the Receipts
and Receipts of my said Daughter in Law shall notwithstanding
her Coverture [?] be good and sufficient discharge and discharges
for the same and from and after the decease of my said Daughter
in Law (subject to the Proviso hereinafter mentioned) to pay
apply the Rents and Profits of my said last mentioned Copyhold
Messuages or Tenements for and towards the Maintenance Clothing
and Education of all the Children of my said son William
Andrews as well those now born as also all those which may be
hereafter born during their respective Minorities Each Child
having and [sic] equal share applied for his and her benefit
and when and as they shall severally attain the age of twenty
one years to surrender and convey to each Child and his
or her heirs an equal part or share thereof and in case
any or either of the last mentioned children shall die in their
Minority the share or shares of his her or their so dying
shall go to the Survivors or Survivor of them and the Heirs
of such Survivors or Survivor if more than one as tenants in
common and not as joint tenants provided always and my
Express Will and Desire is that if at any time hereafter during
the life of my said Daughter in Law Martha Andrews or
after her decease during the minority of the children of my
said son William Andrews it shall appear to the said John
Andrews or his heirs that it will be most for the benefit and
advantage of my said Daughter in Law Martha Andrews
during her life or of her said children after her decease that
the said mine Messuages or Tenements or any part or parts
thereof should be sold and disposed Then that it shall be
lawful for the said John Andrews or his heirs to make
Sale thereof or of any Part or parts thereof for the most
Money that can be got for the same and after paying
the Trustees Expenses to place forth the Money arising from
such sale or sales at interest dividends and product
thereof unto my said Daughter in Law Martha Andrews
for and during her natural life to and for her Sole and
Separate Use and to be entirely out of the power control
or disposal of the present or any future Husband and
the Receipt and Receipts of my said Daughter in Law to pay
and apply the Interest Dividends and Product of the last
mentioned Trust Money for and towards the Maintenance
Clothing and Education of the children of my said Son
William Andrews in equal shares and proportions until
they shall respectively attain thee age of twenty one years
and when and as they shall respectively attain that age

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[page 4]
to pay to each Child and equal share or part thereof or
in case any or either of them shall die in their minority
then in trust to pay the Interest Dividends and product of
the Share or Shares of him her or them so dying in like
manner for the benefit of the Survivors or Survivor of
them until they each respectively attain the age of twenty
one years and when and as they shall severally attain that
age to pay unto each of them an equal Share of the Principal
or if only out of them shall live to attain that age in trust
to pay the whole thereof to such only one or in case all the
Children of the said William Andrews shall die in their
Minority then in trust to pay the last mentioned trust Money
after the decease of my said Daughter in Law unto my said
Son William Andrews his Executors or Administrators to his
or their own use or in case that last mentioned Messuages
or Tenements and Premises shall not be sold and all the
Children of the said William Andrews shall die in their
Minority then in trust after the decease of my said Daughter
in Law to surrender and convey the last mentioned
Messuages or Tenements Hereditaments and Premises unto and
to the use of my said Son William Andrews his heirs and assigns
for ever. And I give and devise unto and to the use of my said
Son John Andrews and his heirs my Copyhold Building
called the Granary and the Land thereunto belonging with
the Appurtenances situate in Old Brentford aforesaid now in
my own Occupation and I give and devise unto my said Sons
William Andrews and John Andrews their heirs and Assigns
for ever as tenants in common and not as joint tenants all
that my undivided third part or share of and in the three
freehold Messuages or Tenements with their Appurtenances
situate and lying in Brentford Butts in the Hamlet of New
Brentford in the said County of Middlesex now in the several
tenures or Occupations of Thomas TURNER Mrs. HOWARD and
Mrs. WITHERBY their undertenants or Assigns and I give and
bequeath unto my said son John Andrews his Executors
and Administrators all that my Moiety or half part of certain
Leaseholds Messuages or Tenements and Lands commonly called
or known by the Name of the Priory held under the Crown
situate at Richmond in the County of Surry in trust to receive
and take the Rents and profits thereof and thereout to pay unto
my Dear Wife Martha Early Andrews for and during her
natural life subject to the proviso hereinafter mentioned out
annuity or their Yearly Rent charge of Eighty Pounds of
lawful Money to be paid to her clear of land tax and all other
Deductions whatsoever to be made at the Expiration of Six
Calendar Months next after my decease and my Will is
that the said annuity shall be received and taken by my said
Wife in bar of Power or thirds at the common law which
she may claim or be entitled to out of any freehold Messuages
Lands Tenements or Hereditaments whereof I shall die seized
and also in Discharge and Barr of any right claim or title

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[page 5]
which she shall or may be entitled to out of any Copyhold
Estates of Inheritance whereof I shall die seized by virtue of
any Custom of the Manors in which the same respectively
lie and whereas my said wife Martha Early Andrews was jointly
admitted with me to the Copyhold Messuage or Tenement with
the Appurtenances situate in Old Brentford aforesaid wherein
I now dwell which I purchased of Samuel SWIFT now I
earnestly request my said wife as soon as may be after my
decease to surrender the last mentioned Messuage or Tenement
with the Appurtenances unto my said son John Andrews and
his heirs for ever to whom so far as in my power I give and
devise the same and to his heirs for ever provided always that
if my said wife shall not on application to be made to her release
my said freehold estates from all right and Title of Power and
also my said Copyhold estates from any customary right or
claim she may claim therein or shall refuse to surrender
her Right and title unto my son John Andrews and his
heirs of and in the Copyhold Messuage with the Appurtenances
wherein I now dwell according to my before mentioned request
then my will is that in any or either of the said cases the
Annuity of eighty pounds herein before given to my said
wife shall cease and be void to all interests and purposes any
anything herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding and
to retain one third part of the overplus Rents and Profits of
my Moiety of the said Leasehold Estate called the Priory to the
only proper use of my said John Andrews his Executors or
Administrators and to pay one other third part of the said
Overplus rents and profits into the hands of my said daughter
in law Martha Andrews the wife of my said son William
Andrews to and for her sole and separate use and to be entirely
out of the power control or disposal of her said husband and
not to be subject to his Debts and Incumbrances and the receipt
and receipts of my said daughter in law shall notwithstanding
her Coverture be a good and sufficient discharge and discharges
for the same and to pay the remaining third part or Share
of the overplus rents and profits of my said Moiety of the said
Leasehold Estate unto and amongst all the children of my said
late daughter Ann BARTON equally share and share alike and
from and after the decease of my said wife if more than one equally if only
one then the whole thereof to such only one or if all such
children shall die in the lifetime of my said daughter in
law then after her decease I give and bequeath such third
part unto my said son William Andrews his Executors and
Administrators to his and their own use and I give and bequeath
one other third part thereof unto amongst all the children
of my said late daughter Anne Barton in equal shares and

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[page 6]
the remaining third part thereof I give and bequeath unto
my said son John Andrews his Executors and Administrators
to and for his and their own use and benefit and I give unto
my said wife Martha Early Andrews the said sum of one hundred
pounds to be paid to her by my Executors hereinafter named out
of my residuary personal estate within one month next after
my decease I also give unto my said wife all my household
Furniture Plate and Linnen to her own use and I give to
my Brother in Law Nathaniel WINCUFF five Guineas for a
Ring and whereas under the will of John Aylett STOW Esqr.
Deceased I am seized to me and my heirs subject to an Estate
for Gift of Anne Swift therein of one undivided third part of
and in certain freehold messuages or Tenements and hereditaments
situate in Brentford Butts aforesaid and now in the possession of
Thomas TURNER Mrs. HOWARD and Mrs. WITHERLEY and also to
certain Copyhold Messuages or Tenements Lands and
Hereditaments situate in Old Brentford aforesaid now in the
Occupation of Sir Thomas EDWARDS Baronet Thomas NAILEY
John TORRINGTON and Benjamin SLAUGHTER now I hereby
give and devise one third part of all my estate and interest
in the said last mentioned freehold and copyhold hereditaments
unto my said son William Andrews his heirs and assigns for
ever one other third part thereof unto my said son John
Andrews his heirs and assigns for ever and the remaining
third part or share thereof I give I give and devise unto my said
son in law George BARTON his heirs and assigns for ever

And all the rest and residue of my personal
estate of what nature and kind soever before unbequeathed
after payment thereout of all such debts as I shall know at my
decease and my funeral and testamentary expenses I give in
manner following that is to say one third part I give
unto my said son William Andrews to and for his own use one
other third part thereof I give unto my said son John
Andrews to and for his own use and the remaining third part
thereof I give unto my said son in law George BARTON in
trust for all the children of my said daughter BARTON equally
share and share alike and to be applied for their equal
benefit either in their minority or otherwise as the said
George BARTON shall think most fit and proper for them and
if any or either of such children shall die before his or her
share of my residuary personal estate shall have been applied
for his or her benefit then the share or shares of him her
or them so dying shall go in like manner to the survivors
or survivor of them if more than one equally and I hereby
nominate and appoint my said sons William Andrews and
John Andrews and my said son in law George BARTON
Executors of this my will hereby revoking all former wills and
testaments by me made and do publish and declare these five
sheets of paper to be and contain my last will and testament
in witness whereof I the said John Andrews the Testator have

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[page 7]
to the first four sheets have set my hand and to this the last of them
my hand and seal the fifteenth day of December in the year of our
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty three Jno. Andrews
Signed sealed published and declared by the above named John
Andrews the Testator as and for his last will and testament in
the presence of us who have subscribed our names as witnesses
thereof at the request and in the presence of the said Testator and
in the presence of each other Isaac Strong Jasper POLLECUT Charles Andrews

This will was proved in London the fifteenth
day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred
and eighty four before the worshipful [etc]

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John ANDREWS Land Dispute 1799

28th November 1799 - - - by Winter

To the Right Honorable Alexander Lord LOUGHBOROUGH Baron of Loughborough in the County of Leicester Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Humbly Complaining showeth unto your Orators and Oratrix John Andrews of Old Brentford in the County of Middlesex Mealman and Joseph WILKINS of New Brentford in the said County of Middlesex
Painter and Mary his wife That your Orator John Andrews is now and hath been for some time past seized or intitled to him and his heirs according to the custom of the Manor of Ealing otherwise Lealing in the County of Middlesex of or to
a Cottage or Tenement with the Appurtenances situate in Old Brentford in the said County of Middlesex and held by copy of Court Roll of the said Manor and formerly in the Possession of Richard WALKER And also of in or to two Cottages or
Tenements with the Outhouses Backsides Gardens and Appurtenances to the same belonging situate lying and being in Old Brentford aforesaid formerly or late in the tenures or occupations of William BELL and Joseph HILLIAR And one parcel of Garden
Ground near adjoining to the said Cottage containing in length on the north side thereof thirty nine feet and the south side thereof forty three feet or thereabouts then in the possession of the said William BLANCHARD which premises contain by
estimation half an acre of land be the same more or less and abut east upon the land late of Richard SEARING west upon the land late of Joseph GORING and Francis JENKINS north on the Back Lane and south upon the Highway there upon which said piece of garden ground was built
three Dwelling Houses late in the several tenure of Richard ROUNDS Samuel CLARKE and Samuel BRAMLEY and also of or to three acres of Copyhold arable land with a cottage and barn thereupon erected and other Appurtenances situate and being within Old Brentford field within the Manor aforesaid and your orator
and oratrix Joseph WILKINS and Mary in right of the said Mary are in like manner and have been for some years last past intitled to one third part of the said Lands and Premises And that your orator John Andrews being intitled one full and equal undivided third part or share of
the said several copyhold Estates hath been duly admitted thereto according to the custom of the said Manor And he is also intitled to one third part of the rents and profits of such estates and premises And that your oratrix the said Mary WILKINS or your orator Joseph
WILKINS in right of his said wife being intitled unto one other full and equal undivided third part or share of the said copyhold estates Copyhold Estates premises they or one of them have or hath been duly admitted thereto according to the custom of the Manor and they or
one of them or your orator Joseph WILKINS in right of your oratrix are or is also intitled to one other third part of the rents and profits thereof and your orators and oratrix also shew that Hannah MAGSON of New Brentford in the said county of Middlesex Spinster and
Elizabeth the wife of Richard COXEN of Old Brentford aforesaid Fisherman are intitled in equal moieties or in some other parts or shares unto the remaining one full and equal undivided third part and share of the said Copyhold Estates and Premises and they have severally
been duly admitted to their respective shares thereof according to the custom of the said Manor and they are also intitled to remaining one third part of the Rent and Profits thereof And that your orators and oratrix being so intitled have frequently
applied and caused application to be made to the said Hannah MAGSON and the said Richard COXON and Elizabeth his wife and requested them to concur with your orators and oratrix in the necessary and proper Acts for making a fair and equal division
and partition of the same copyhold estates and premises between and amongst them your orators and oratrix accordingly and which reasonable request your orators and oratrix well hoped that they would have complied with as in Justice and Equity they
ought to have done But now so it is may it please your Lordship that the said Hannah MAGSON and the said Richard COXON and Elizabeth his wife combining and confederating together and to and with divers other persons at present unknown unto
your Orators and Oratrix (whose names when discovered your Orators and Oratrix pray may be herein inserted and they made parties Defendants hereto with apt words to charge them) they absolutely refuse to agree to any division or partition of
the said estates and premises though they refuse to discover or set forth for what reason they so refuse and therefore your orators and oratrix charge that the said Hannah MAGSON and the said Richard COXON and Elizabeth his wife ought to join
in making a partition and division of the said premises and in all necessary Acts Deeds and Surrenders for conveying and assuring to your orators and oratrix their several thirds parts and shares of and in the said several Copyhold Estates and premises in severalty but which
they absolutely decline to do All which Actings Doings and Pretences of the said defendants and their confederates are contrary to equity and good conscience In Tender Consideration whereof and foras much as your orators and oratrix cannot be fully relieved in the premises but in a Court of Equity where matters of this nature are properly cognizable and relievable To the end therefore that the said Hannah MAGSON and Richard COXON and Elizabeth his wife may upon their several and respective corporal oaths full true and perfect answer
make to all and singular the several matters and thing herein and hereby stated alledged and enquired after according to the best and utmost of their respective knowledge remembrance information and belief and that as fully and particularly as if the same were here again
repeated and they were thereunto respectively interrogated and more especially whether your orator and oratrix the said John Andrews and Mary WILKINS are not now and have not been for some time and how long time intitled unto such several third parts and shares of
the said several Copyhold Estates and premises as aforesaid And whether they are not in possession thereof and intitled to two third parts of the rents and profits thereof and whether they have not been severally admitted thereto and whether the said defendants are
not intitled unto the remaining one third part thereof And whether your orators and oratrix or some or one of them have not or hath made or hath caused to be made to them the said defendants Hannah MAGSON and Richard COXON and Elizabeth his wife or some
or one of them such applications and for such purpose as hereinbefore in that behalf mentioned And whether they do not and for what reason refuse to comply therewith and whether they do not severally refuse to agree to a division and partition of the said estates
and premises in manner aforesaid And why and for what reason an that the said defendants may severally answer he matters aforesaid and that the said estates and premises may be decreed to be divided into three equal parts of shares and that one full and equal
part or share thereof when so divided my be allotted to your orator John Andrews and his heirs in severalty according to the custom of the said Manor And that one other full and equal third part or share thereof when so divided may be allotted to your oratrix the said Mary WILKINS and
her heirs in severally according to the custom of the said Manor And that one or more commission or commissions may issue directed to proper commissioners for the purpose of making such division and partition accordingly with the necessary and usual directions in that behalf
and that all proper parties may be ordered to join in all proper deeds acts surrenders and assurances for conveying surrendering and assuring unto your orators and oratrix respectively and the heirs of your orator the said John Andrews and of your oratrix Mary WILKINS respectively
their respective parts and shares of the said estates in severalty your orators and oratrix being ready and willing to join in all proper acts for making and effecting such partition and that the said defendants and each of them may be decreed to account for
t he rents and profits of the said estates received by them your orators and oratrix hereby offering to account for the rents and profits received by them and that one third part thereof may be paid to your orator the said John Andrews and one other
third part thereof to your orator and oratrix Joseph WILKINS and Mary his wife and that your orators and oratrix may have and receive all such further and other relief in the premises as the nature and circumstances of their case may require and as to your Lordship shall
seem meet May it please your Lordship to grant unto your orators and oratrix his Majestys most gracious writ or writs of subpoena to be directed to the said Hannah MAGSON Richard COXON and Elizabeth his wife and the rest of the confederates when discovered thereby
commanding them and every of them at a certain day and under a certain pain therein to be limited personally to be and appear before your Lordship in this Honorable Court and then and there true direct and perfect answer to make to all and singular the
Premises and further to stand to perform and abide such further order direction and decree therein as to your Lordship shall seem meet and your orators and oratrix will ever pray etc. J. [or I.] STANLEY

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The will (and two codicils) of John Andrews the Younger (1751-1814)

In the name of God Amen This is the
last will and testament of me John Andrews of Old Brentford in
the parish of Ealing and county of Middlesex Meal Factor being of a
sound mind memory and understanding thanks to God for the
same and as to such worldly estate and effects which he has been
bless me with I give devise bequeath and dispose of as follows
Imprimis I give and bequeath unto my dear wife Lydia Andrews all
my right and interest in a leasehold estate situate at Richmond in
the county of Surrey called the Priory and held under the Crown and
also the copyhold house garden and premises in Old Brentford in which
I now reside together with the garden and summer house on the
opposite side of the road to hold to her for and during her natural
life and from and after her decease I give and bequeath the same unto
and among such of children and their heirs as Tenants in common and not as joint
tenants and it is my will that the executor and executrix may if they
think proper dispose of the said estates and the money to be received
therefrom placed in the public funds in their joint names the interest
and dividends thereof to be received for the use of my said wife to her own
and sole use and from and after her decease the principal money to be equally
divided among such children or their heirs as shall be then living I
also give to my said wife all my household furniture plate linen books
and wine I give and bequeath to my son Frederick Andrews the sum of
fifteen hundred pounds to my sons George William Andrews Thomas
Andrews Edward Andrews Francis Henry Andrews Henry Andrews and
William Andrews I also bequeath to each the like sum of fifteen
hundred pounds to be separately paid to each of them when they
attain the age of twenty one years I give and bequeath to my daughter
Emma Andrews all that my freehold and copyhold estate at Great
Ealing and now in the occupation of the widow BATTING I also give to
my said daughter Ellen my freehold house in New Brentford Butts
in the occupation of Thomas WING and also the two copyhold
houses next to that in which I reside in the occupation of John
GREENWOOD and William HOARE together with the piece of copyhold
ground behind the said two houses in the occupation of Robert BANYON
and likewise the copyhold tenement in the Back lane in the occupation
of Robert HIBBERT to hold the said several estates to her and her heirs
for ever I also give to my said daughter Ellen Andrews the sum of
two hundred pounds to be paid to her when she attains the age of
twenty one years and it is my will that out of the interest arising
from the said Legacies that my wife shall be allowed the sum of
fifty pounds yearly for each child until they shall respectively
arrive at the said age of twenty one years to be applied by her
towards their maintenance cloathing and education and that she
shall in no wise be called to account for the expenditure of the same

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to whose care and superintendence I commit my said children as their
natural as well as my testamentary guardian I likewise empower my
executor and executrix to advance any such sum of money as they shall
think necessary out of the estates and legacies which my said children will
respectively become entitled to under this my will
for the placing out of my sons clerk or apprentice
to any profession or business or otherwise for their advancement in the
world and in case my wife should be pregnant at the time of my decease I
direct the sum of fifteen hundred pounds to be placed in the funds to the
amount of such child or children as may be born of her within nine
months after subject to the like conditions as aforesaid to my nephews
William Andrews John Andrews Joseph Andrews and Joseph BARTON and
to my nieces Ann Barton Sarah LUDLAM and Frances Clinton OWEN
I give ten guineas each for a ring I likewise give to Joseph WILKINS of
New Brentford and Mary his wife and to Martha Andrews of Reading and
Saml. SOTHEBY of the Strand Bookseller five guineas each for a ring and
I direct my Executor and Executrix to present to my much respected friends
Thomas SMITH and Thomas HARRINGTON Esqs five guineas each for a ring
which I request their acceptance of as a small token of my greatful
remembrance of their friendship to me I leave it to the judgement
of my Executor and Executrix to appoint one of my sons to succeed me
in my business desiring them to select him that in their opinion is most
proper and deserving of it without any respect to seniority all the rest
residue and remainder of my estate and effects I direct to be equally
divided among such of my children as shall be living at the time
of my decease lastly I appoint James Ludlam of Oxford Street Hosier
to whom I bequeath ten guineas for a ring Executor and my dear
wife Lydia Andrews Executrix to this my last will and testament
hereby revoking and making void all other will or wills heretofore
by me made and I hereby make and ordain this as my last will and
testament in witness whereof I have to this my last will written with
my own hand and contained in two sheets of paper set my hand and
to the last sheet my hand and seal this thirtieth day of January in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirteen Jno
Andrews Signed sealed published and declared by the testator
as and for his last will and testament in the presence of us who in
his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have
set and subscribed our names as witnesses thereto Robt. BANYON Old
Brentford |–| Thomas GORE Do.|–| Wm. GORE Do. |–|

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I direct that my son Frederick Andrews shall carry on my
business for the benefit of the estate and himself when he is twenty-
one years of age the profits to be equally divided one moiety to the estate
and the other moiety to himself and that from and after the age of
twenty three years the business shall be wholly his I give and bequeath
to my dear wife Lydia Andrews four hundred pounds four per cent
Consols which stand in my name in the Bank of England to her and her
heirs for ever and whereas the necessaries of life are encreasing and likely to
encrease I direct that my wife shall be allowed sixty pounds per annum
instead of fifty pounds for the bringing up of each child subject to the
former conditions Jno Andrews |–| Witness Elizabeth BEACH Old Brentford
March 29th 1814

April 2nd 1814 To each of my nephews and nieces viz The Revd. Wm
Andrews John Andrews Joseph Andrews and Frances OWEN and to Joseph
BARTON Ann BARTON and Sarah LUDLAM and to James LUDLAM my
Executor I bequeath ten guineas each in addition to my former bequest
Jno Andrews

......
[witnesses to John Andrews’s handwriting]
......
Proved in London with two codicils 28th May 1814 before the
worshipful John DODSON Doctor of Laws and Surrogate by the oaths of
James LUDLAM and Lydia Andrews Widow the Relict the Executors to
whom admon was granted they having been first sworn duly to admin.

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The will of Lydia Andrews (1767-1834)

This is the last Will and Testament
of me Lydia Andrews of Old Brentford in the County of Middlesex Widow

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I direct my executors to pay and discharge all my just debts funeral and testamentary expenses
out of my monies in the public funds or out of any other monies I may have by me at the time
of my decease I give unto my son George and my daughter Emma my household goods and
furniture plate linen wine and books equally to be divided between them I give unto my said
daughter Emma all my wearing apparel china glass and trinkets and also my five shares in
the County Fire Office for her use and benefit I give unto my son Frederick two hundred
pounds sterling to my brother Henry EZARD one hundred pounds sterling to my sister Elizabeth
LETCHWORTH thirty pounds sterling To my daughter in law Phoebe Andrews to my aunt Ann
BARLOW To my nieces Frances Clinton OWEN Anne BARTON Sarah LUDLAM Elizabeth EZARD
Ann Maria EZARD Sarah Harriet Owen EZARD my nephew Henry EZARD Charlotte Andrews
Elizabeth NEIL and Emma NEIL daughters of the said Elizabeth LETCHWORTH and to my son
in law Henry STERRY nineteen guineas each and to my present servant Susan SALISBURY
and to my last servant Jane DORY five pounds sterling each I give and devise unto Dr John NEWTON
of Walton upon Thames in the County of Surrey and Dr John CLARKE of Old Brentford aforesaid
all that my Copyhold Estate in Old Brentford aforesaid now used as a wharf by and under
Lease to my said son George to hold the same unto my said Trustees and the survivor
the heirs and assigns of such survivor In Trust to survive and take the rents and profits
thereof during the term thereof granted to my said son George and to pay and apply the
same unto and amongst my said son George and all other my said sons and daughters
except my said son Frederick in equal shares and proportions and from and immediately
after the expiration of the lease thereof granted to my said son George as aforesaid in trust to make sale and
dispose of my said Copyhold estate either by public sale or
private contract as my said trustees may seem most expedient and for the most
money that can be reasonably obtained for the same and to surrender and assure the
same unto the purchaser or respective purchasers thereof and I do hereby declare
that the receipt of my said trustees or the survivor of them his heirs or assigns shall be
good and sufficient discharges to the purchaser or purchasers of my copyhold estate
who shall not be bound to see to the application of the purchase money and as to the
product arising from the sale of my said Copyhold Estate after deducting thereout all
expenses attending the said sale and incident thereto In Trust to pay and divide the
same unto and amongst my said son George and all and every my said sons and daughters
except my said son Frederick in equal shares and proportions and all the Rest
Residue and remainder of my estate and effects of what nature or
kind soever the same may be and which I may have or be entitled to in possession
reversion remainder expectancy or otherwise except as hereinafter mentioned I give
and bequest the same and every part thereof unto and among my five sons George
Thomas Edward Francis and William and my daughters Emma and Ellen and their
respective ex[ecut]ors ad[ministrat]ors and assigns equally to be divided between and amongst them
share and share alike and as to the share and interest of my said daughter Ellen of
and in the said residue and also her share in the rent and product of the sale of my
Copyhold Estate I do hereby declare that the dividends and interest rent and share
arising from the sale of my said Copyhold Estate only are given to her for and during
the term of her natural life and from and after her decease I give the same respectively
unto all and every the children of my said daughter Ellen equally to be divided between
and amongst them share and share alike and in case there shall be but one child living
at the decease of my said daughter Ellen then I give the same unto such only child
for his or her use and benefit and during the respective minorities of such children or
child I direct my executors hereinafter appointed to stand possessed of the same nd to pay
apply and dispose of the dividends interest and proceeds thereof for their his or her
use and benefit and on their attaining their several and respective ages of twenty one
years or being daughters day of marriage to pay and transfer to them their respective
shares of and in the said share and interest to which my said daughter Ellen is
intitled for her life as aforesaid and in case my said daughter Ellen shall depart this life
without leaving any issue her surviving then I give the said shares in interest to which
she is entitled during her life as aforesaid unto all and every such of my sons and daughters
who shall be living at the time of the decease of my said daughter Ellen equally to be
divided between them share and share alike my said son Frederick excepted and I do

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Top hereby declare that the bequests to and in favor of my daughters are to and for their respective
exclusive and independent use and benefit and not to be in any way subject or liable to the power
control debts engagements or interference of any husband and to that and I declare that her
receipts alone notwithstanding coverture shall be good and sufficient discharges to my executors
for any monies they may pay to them under this my Will and without their husbands joining
or concurring in such receipts and in as much as part of my personal estate is in the hands
of my said son George for the payment whereof I hold his bond and judgment I do hereby
direct that my said son George be permitted to liquidate and discharge such debt by five
equal yearly instalments the first instalment to be computed and become due at the end
of the first year from the day of my decease and in the meantime paying interest at the rate
of five per cent and I declare that my Trustees and executors shall not be liable for each other
acts deeds receipts or defaults but each of them for his respective acts deeds receipts and defaults
only and I direct that they may Reimburse and repay to themselves respectively by and out of the
trust monies any expenses losses or charges they may necessarily incur in the performance of
this my will and I appoint the said John NEWTON and John CLARKE Executors of this
my will to whom I give five guineas each for ring a as a token of my remembrance of them
and revoking all former wills do declare this only to be my last will and testament In
witness whereof I have to this my last will and testament contained in three sheets of
paper to the first two sheets thereof set my hand and to this third and last sheet thereof set my
hand and affixed my seal this thirtieth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and thirty four Lydia Andrews signed sealed published and
declared by the above named testatrix as and for her last will and testament in the presence
of us who in her presence at her request and in the presence of each other | the words “herein
after devised” in the second sheet having first struck out | have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses G CLARK New Brentford Jas BOWERMAN same place

Proved at London the 24th January 1835 before the worshipful William Calverley
CURTOIS Dr of Laws and Surrogate by the oaths of John NEWTON Esquire and John CLARK esquire
the Exors to whom admon was granted having been first sworn duly to administer.

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Page published October 2018